One-time strategic tillage does not cause major impacts on soil microbial properties in a no-till Calcisol

TitleOne-time strategic tillage does not cause major impacts on soil microbial properties in a no-till Calcisol
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLiu HW, Carvalhais LC, Rincon-Florez V, Crawford M, Dang YP, Dennis PG, Schenk PM
JournalSoil & Tillage Research
Volume158
Pagination91-99
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0167-1987
Accession NumberWOS:000373244700010
KeywordsAgriculture, Bacterial genetic fingerprinting, biomass, carbon, Conservation, CONSERVATION TILLAGE, CULTIVATION, enzyme-activities, management, Northern Grains Region of Australia, phosphorus, quality, soil microbial activity, SYSTEMS, YIELD
Abstract

Strategic tillage (or occasional tillage) has been touted as a potential solution for the severe weed infestations of long-term no-till (NT). Nevertheless, there is little information on the influence of strategic tillage on microbial properties of Australian NT soils. In the present study, we assessed the influence of strategic tillage on the microbial properties of a seven years' NT Calcisol in Moonie, Queensland, Australia. We tested the hypothesis that the application of one-time strategic tillage with chisel or offset disc does not cause major impacts on soil biological health in a NT system. Strategic tillage was applied once and soil samples were collected 13 months after tillage from the depths 0-10 and 10-20 cm. The measured biological indicators included soil microbial biomass carbon, catabolic activity (MicroResp (TM) assay) and total microbial activity (fluorescein diacetate method). The structure of bacterial communities was profiled by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and terminal reaction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). Principal components analyses based on qPCR and T-RFLP data did not show tillage effects on soil bacterial communities. However, relative to the NT, chisel tillage led to significant increases in microbial biomass carbon (+34.4%), abundances of Alphaproteobacteria (+74.6%), Bacteroidetes (+113.7%) and Firmicutes (+36.5%), and the utilisation of D+ cellubiose (+178.4%) as well as mannitol (+167.2%) at 0-10 cm depth. In contrast, the influence of offset disc tillage was restricted to an increased abundance of Alphaproteobacteria (+64.6%) at 0-10 cm depth. Our study suggests that, overall, one-time strategic tillage using either chisel or offset disc had a minor positive influence on soil biological attributes of the NT Calcisol 13 months after tillage. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Alternate JournalSoil Tillage Res.